Wednesday, May 18, 2011
Jim Crow Laws, Sammi Redder, Deborah
In the Plessy vs. Ferguson Case, the supreme court ruled that the if facilities were separate but equal, it didn't violate the 14th amendment. This rule was often broken as you can see in the picture below.
Jim Crow wasn't an actual person, but "he" affected the lives of millions of people. The laws were named after a popular 19th century minstrel song that stereo typed African Americans. A white minstrel performer named Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice blackened his face and danced a silly jig while singing the song "Jump Jim Crow"
Jim Crow Laws discriminated against African Americans with attendance in public schools, restaurants, hotels, railway cars and other public facilities. When Rosa Parks wouldn't give up her seat to a white man she was arrested for breaking a Jim Crow Law. In the drawing below an African American man is being kicked out of his seat by a white man. Rosa Parks in a similar scenario refused to move and got arrested for it.
This is an image from a cafe in Durham, North Carolina in 1940. It has separate doors and lunch rooms that split apart whites and blacks. Many businesses in the south had separate facilities to serve each race.