Wednesday, April 13, 2011

The 3/5 Compromise, Sammi Redder, Deborah
The southern states got more power in the House of Representives because of the 3/5 Compromise and that the 3/5 compromise wasn't made to abolish slavery only as a compromise to keep moving forward as a country.
This website gives a little bit of background knowledge about how the slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person. In the Constitution the 3/5 Compromise is written as this:

"Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons."

We have compromised about race since the beginning.
These pictures show the Philadelphia Convention, the building it was held in and the signing of the Constitution which included the 3/5 Compromise.

The 3/5 Compromise was also brought up in the Articles of Confederation which stated that taxes should be by land value, but many states offend undervalued their land to reduce taxes. A special committee suggested counting taxes by population not by land value. The suggestion then led up to the 3/5 Compromise, which was  a compromise of whether or not slaves should be counted as people or property.

In section two, The Constitution clearly states that all free persons will be counted when determining taxes and the number of representatives in the House, the Indians will be excluded and 'all other persons' who would obviously be slaves are only counted as 3/5 of a person.

Artist Statement
Our quilt piece shows the north and south split up by five people, two of which are crossed out with black X’s because they only count as three fifths of a person. Placed behind the country is the US Constitution representing support for the 3/5 compromise. Behind the US Constitution is a small sliver of the Declaration of Independence being obscured and seemingly overshadowed by the US Constitution. The Declaration states that all men are created equal and the 3/5 Compromise is the opposite of what it says. The blue in the north represents the Union and the red in the south shows the main color of the Confederate flag. The five dark skinned people are in between the red and blue, splitting them apart. The separation also shows how the north and south are being pulled apart because of this issue of slavery and fair treatment.

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